Sat, 14 May 2016
There are three types of cycling races in the Olympic and Commonwealth Games – mountain biking, road racing and track racing
The mountain bikers ride around a track which has many narrow dirt trails. They need to last for two-and-a-quarter hours for men's races (40-50kms) and two hours (30-40kms) for the women's races.
The men's races are between 40 and 50 kilometres long. Women's races are 30 to 40 kilometres long.
The road races have many, many cyclists riding in them. The first one over the finish line wins unlike in time trials.
In the time trials the riders race against the clock - the fastest time wins. Each cyclist races by themselves. Every 90 seconds (minute and a half) the next cyclist starts riding. Time trials are 40 to 50 kilometres long for men and 20 to 30 kilometres for women.
Track racing has been in the Olympic Games for over one hundred years. In 1896 there was a 12 hour long race. It was won by Austria's Adolf Schmal. Track cycling first appeared in the Commonwealth Games in 1938.
Endurance races can be as long as 40 kilometres. Cyclists make sure they
keep enough energy to finish the race. There are lots of tactics in these
races. This is especially when cyclists are riding in teams.